Periodontal disease is one of ten major diseases.

Two out of three adults suffer from periodontal disease. In this regard, patients should pay attention to maintain gums healthy through receiving treatment at right timing and right oral care.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is commonly known as gum disease. It causes inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth such as gums and alveolar bone. And gums and alveolar bone are destroyed in the end by the disease. Prevention is possible but many patients miss the optimum treatment time because it progresses slowly without pain. When patients feel pain in their gums, it indicates that the disease has already advanced. Accordingly, maintaining right oral care and receiving regular dental check-up are very crucial.


Cause of Periodontal Disease

Main Cause-Plaque and Tartar

Dental plaque and tartar can be easily formed if brushing teeth is not done properly.

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The pathogenic bacteria stick to the tartar and that creates toxin which in turn can develop gum disease.

Dental plaque and tartar can easily be formed when patients have an irregular set of teeth, when prosthetic appliances do not fit well, when patients have a habit of breathing only through their mouth or when patients smoke. All these affect patients to have gum infection.


Prevention and Treatments

The basic treatments for gum disease are proper tooth brushing, the use of dental floss and interdental brush. These help remove dental plaque and maintain good oral hygiene. In addition, receiving dental check-up and teeth scaling once in every six month can prevent patients from having gum disease.

Gingivitis is found in an early stage of gum disease in which the inflammation is formed only in gums leaving the alveolar bone is not yet destroyed. It is a very common and minor ailment but patients easily miss the treatment time as it does not come with pain.

Periodontitis is found in a further stage from gingivitis affecting on alveolar bone and ligamentum with inflammation. If the teeth are not be treated, the teeth will be loosened and should be extracted in the end.
Scaling and Root Planning can remove tartar that are formed even at the lower gums. If the inflammation is severe, gingival curettage, Gingivoplasty and tissue regeneration surgery can be required.