Artificial teeth were widely used in the past for the elderly and people who lost teeth from accidents. Today, however, they are treated with full mouth rehabilitation which serves excellent roles of both masticatory and esthetic function.
Types of full Mouth Rehabilitation
1.Fixed Full Mouth Rehabilitation
If patients have only alveolar bones without teeth, fixed dental implants can be performed. This operation allows the dental implants to be firmly fixated on the alveolar bones. As a result, teeth are stronger than artificial one and patients feel like having their own teeth. Before the operation, making the upper and lower teeth fit together and checking the condition of alveolar bones should be done. Then 6~7 implants on the lower gums and 7~8 implants on the upper gums are planted.
2. Removable Full Mouth Rehabilitation
This operation offers an easier way of making artificial teeth using implant when patients do not have teeth. Two implants on the front of maxillary and four implants on the front mouth are planted. And artificial teeth are inserted using a connector. Teeth are stronger to chew foods than the existing artificial teeth. It costs cheaper and brings out better esthetic effects than Fixed Full Mouth Rehabilitation.
The current dental condition should be examined first. The more tooth loss lasts the more alveolar bones disappear. So the amount and mass of the alveolar bone to place implants should be checked.
In the case of Fixed Full Mouth Rehabilitation, treatment plan including the number of implants should be made. And then placing implants is performed.
Placing implants at the place where Fixed Full Mouth Rehabilitation was planned.
Once the implants are firmly fixated on the alveolar bone, prosthetics are mounted on the implants to finish the operation.
1. Does Full Mouth Rehabilitation require placing implants of the upper and lower teeth at the same time?
In general, the upper jaw and the lower jaw need 3~5 months and 3 months respectably to recover after receiving Full Mouth Rehabilitation. Usually, placing implants on the upper jaw comes first.
2. What should be considered when choosing between Fixed Implant and removable Full Mouth Rehabilitation?
The most important factor is related with the general physical condition of patients such as bone condition. In addition, treatment cost is a crucial for patients to decide. B is cheaper than fixed implant but it needs more frequent check-ups and repairs for maintenance and management.
3.Can the patients receive Fixed Full Mouth Rehabilitation even after bone grafting due to a lack of alveolar bone?
It is possible in many cases. However, placing implants too many in the lower jaw when there is severe bone resorption, it could lead neural damage.